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Monday, March 24, 2008

The Australian Convict Sites

There are 11 convict sites (known as the Australian Convict Sites) that build up Australia's World Heritage nomination to UNESCO. The sites are:

* New South Wales: Old Government House and Domain (Parramatta), Hyde Park Barracks (Sydney), Cockatoo Island Convict Site (Sydney) and Old Great North Road (near Wiseman's Ferry).
* Norfolk Island: Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area.
* Tasmania: Port Arthur Historic Site (Tasman Peninsula), Cascades Female Factory (Hobart), Darlington Probation Station (Maria Island), Coal Mines Historic Site (via Premadeyna) and Brickendon-Woolmers Estates (near Longford).
* Western Australia: Fremantle Prison.

Together the sites represent the global phenomenon of convictism - the required migration of convicts to penal colonies in the 18th and 19th centuries - and global developments in the punishment of offense in modern times. The Australian Convict Sites are the preeminent examples of our rich convict history, with more than 3,000 offender sites remaining around Australia. This is unique in the world today. In 2007 the importance of the Australian convict memory to all humankind was recognised when some of Australia's convict report were included in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register.

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